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Patient Education  
Arrhythmia related diagnosis and treatment:  

Electro-Physiological Study (E-P Study):
The normal heart beats according to the electrical impulses from the sinoartial node to the atrioventricular node. Sometimes additional abnormal path ways form and cause dangerous changes to the normal rhythm of the heart (arrhythmias) EP study is a diagnostic procedure done to find out extra pathways that cause these arrhythmias.

Radio Frequency Ablation (RF Ablation):
This is a remedial procedure for arrhythmias. A special catheter is maneuvered into the position identified by the EP study to be the anomalous pathway and the tip of the catheter is heated through application of Radio Frequency and burn the extra pathways preventing further arrhythmias (ablated).

Temporary Pacemaker Implantation (TPI):
A normal heart beats at a “pace” that causes the heart to eject blood into the aorta at the required pressure to circulate to the whole body. Due to various reasons the heart begins to slowdown leading to a condition called Bradycardia. Consequently the blood flow to the systemic circulation reduces (low cardiac output) leading to other complications. Temporary Pacemaker Implantation is a procedure wherein a catheter is positioned into the heart muscle and electrical impulses sent from an external pacemaker at the required pace to enable the heart to pump out its normal volume. This can be done under situations ranging from emergency interventions (accidents, organ failures, etc.) to procedural requirements in the Cath lab. In an emergency situation the TPI may itself suffice till the necessary action is taken and the heart returns to normal. Cath procedures requiring TPI include the process of Permanent Pacemaker Implantation (PPI), TPI is done to keep the heart beating normally till the PPI is completed.

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Balloon Catheter
Cardiac Pacemaker
Cardiac Cath Lab